The second largest country in the world, Canada is located in the polar belt in the continent of North America. It shares its borders with USA in the west and the south, and is sandwiched between the North Pacific Ocean and the North Atlantic Ocean. A land of polar bears, Northern Lights, long beaches, ski resorts and royal mountains, Canada has something for everyone.
During winter, Canada experiences below freezing temperature more or less all across its vast stretches of land, except the south-western coastal regions that have relatively mild climate. On the other hand, summer is humid and hot with temperatures reaching 30C repeatedly in the southern areas.
Similar to the US in terms of its economic existence, Canada has been a member to the trillion dollar class enjoying a wealthy lifestyle. With exports forming a third of the GDP, US absorbs about 80% of all these exports, which include gas, uranium, oil, power and others. Canadas 2007 per capita GDP stood at $38,400 reflecting upon the rich economic standing of the country.
Climate:Varies from temperate in south to sub-arctic to arctic in north
Languages: English, French and others
Govt. Type:Constitutional monarchy that is also a parliamentary democracy and a federation
Currency:Canadian Dollar (Varies between Rs 58 and Rs 65) (Oct 2013)
Calling Code: +1
Time Difference:Canada is divided into six time zones: Newfoundland Standard Time- 1 hours and 30 minutes behind UTC/GMT; Atlantic Standard Time- 2 hours behind UTC/GMT; Eastern Standard Time- 3 hours behind UTC/GMT; Central Standard Time- 4 hours behind UTC/GMT; Mountain Standard Time- 5 hours behind UTC/GMT; Pacific Standard Time- 6 hours behind UTC/GMT (Daylight saving time: +1hour of Standard time, begins 2 a.m. second Sunday in March; ends first Sunday in November for most of the states)